South Sudanese people, UN, donors, humanitarian organizations, solar energy organizations
Since 2013, South Sudan, the world's youngest nation, has seen civil war, thousands of civilian casualties, and an imploding economy. Currently, South Sudan's only form of power is fuel-powered generators that use diesel, which is becoming increasingly expensive on the conflict-torn country, as is every other staple good. The government subsidizes the purchase of these goods by up to 80 percent, but the black market in South Sudan flourishes due to corruption and lack of government oversight, causing prices to vary widely throughout the country.
Promotion of solar power. A more power-independent South Sudan would empower civil societies, improve hospital conditions, and protect citizens and internally displaced residents of regional capitals Bentiu and Malakal.
Peace Engineering Takeaway
South Sudan is an extremely poor nation, and building it into a more sustainable one can promote economic growth, making conflict less likely. Diesel generators last for just 5 years while solar panels last around 25 years. Dependence on more than one source - that is, petroleum - empowers South Sudan to develop sustainably on cheaper and cleaner energy and not collapse when diesel is out of reach. A developing energy industry in South Sudan must begin with dependence on outside energy organizations, but power must also be shifted for local benefit and sustainability.